The two main types of arthritis are rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Each of these conditions affect the joints differently. The main risk factors for arthritis include obesity, previous joint injury, sex, family history and age. For example, arthritis of the knee occurs as we grow older. The condition can be worsened by a previous incident of knee injury. When it comes to non-invasive treatment intervention for arthritis of the knee, there are several treatment and prevention procedures that will help avoid invasive knee replacement surgery while keeping your knee joint strong and healthy.
Hyaluronic Acid (HA) injection
HA injection or voscosupplementation treatment is carried out during plastic surgery to fill up the wrinkles of patients suffering from knee joint pain. Treatment involves adding lubrication and cushioning to the joint. HA injection works effectively in treating moderate knee arthritis.
Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) injection
Platelet-Rich Plasma is a blood spinning procedure that uses an individual’s growth factors to heal the body naturally. The injection uses blood plasma that contains unevenly high concentration of platelets. PRP treatment is very effective in treating knee joint pain as well as arthritis, muscle strain and tendinopathy. PRP treatment for knees takes advantage of the ingrained blood healing properties to repair damaged muscles, ligament, cartilage, tendons and bones. When a doctor injects a PRP to treat arthritis, the goal is usually to:
• Improve joint function
• Reduce pain
• Slow, repair or stop damage to the cartilage
During treatment, patients may receive different compositions of PRP injection because of factors such as patient characteristics, additives and the method used to process the blood. Patient characteristics include differences in the patient’s blood composition; for example, variances in platelet count. On the other hand, the doctor may augment a patient’s Platelet-Rich Plasma with additives to enhance healing. Blood is mostly processed using a centrifuge and filter. The processing procedure used can affect the concentration of platelets as well as white blood cells in the Platelet Rich Plasma injection. PRP for arthritis treatment is more effective compared to the use of steroid and HS injection, although early intervention is critical.
Perform regular exercise
Performing regular exercises to strengthen your thigh muscles can suppress pain and reduce the effects of cartilage damage as well as the need to undergo joint replacement surgery. Because a regular exercise regimen can lead to the development of the much desired thicker quadriceps. The most recommended non-traumatic knee strengthening exercises for building muscles and improving blood flow include cycling and swimming.
Losing weight can go a long way to ease pressure on the knees. Case in point, it is estimated that losing a pound of weight equals to losing 4 lbs on the knee.
Bone Marrow Concentration (BMC) injection
BMC injection uses rejuvenating body cells found in the interior of our bones to heal joint pains. This non-invasive treatment procedure is based on the assumption that our ability to heal is derived from lack of fitness as well as lack of stem cells.